什么是古典教育? -旧校舍

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什么是古典教育?

/ / 古典家庭学校

For those of you who have no clue what 古典 education is, I will attempt to explain it in lay terms.

您会听到这个词,“Trivium”这基本上是将学习阶段分为三个主要层次:

  • 语法阶段–从K到基础,重点主要在于记忆以下事实: different subjects.
  • 逻辑阶段–在初中(7-8年级),孩子们学习逻辑辩论和批判性思考。
  • 修辞阶段–在高中时,重点放在演讲/辩论,书面交流和独立思考上。

这些阶段充满了“great” or 古典 books, the learning of 古典 languages such as Latin and Greek, and a heavy emphasis 上 history. Of course math and science and Bible are always essential in these stages as well.

Here are some pros and cons to 古典 education that I have observed and heard about from other homeschoolers. I’将从弊端开始,到对利弊有正面评价:

缺点

  • 在开始和进行之前,可能需要在不同阶段以及每个阶段的需求上花费大量的研究时间。
  • 包括大量的监控孩子’进入不同阶段。可以是老师密集的。
  • 如果您更倾向于退学,这可能不是您的最佳选择,但是我’m sure there might be an unschooling 古典 person out there somewhere!
  • 如果您的孩子不是书呆子,也不是历史爱好者,那么对于他们来说,这可能会有些困难。
  • 较高的年级可能具有挑战性的课程,并要求孩子接受纪律训练,并拥有独立的思想家和工作者。
  • 如果您对其他生活问题感到困惑,可能很难一贯实施。

优点

  • There are lots of helps and resources for anyone considering 古典 education, such as explanations of the v, scope &每个阶段的顺序以及在线教程帮助。
  • 非常适合聪明的学习者和文学和历史爱好者。
  • 促进对儿童的经典介绍。
  • 是一种井井有条,纪律严明的学习形式。
  • 培养出全面,受过良好教育的孩子,这些孩子通常在高等教育机构中表现出色。

无论您希望以哪种方式教育孩子,都请记住享受与他们一起回家的许多祝福。

〜黛博拉·伍勒(Deborah Wuehler)

 


 

The history of 古典 education is long and varied. Back in Greece it was pagan, of course, and Paul wrote against Greek teaching when he wrote to the Grecian city of Corinth in I Corinthians 1 to 3, and elsewhere. Other early Christians wrote against it. Puritans in colonial America wrote against it. They criticized its ethics, its lack of sciences, its paganism, and its logic. Aristotelian logic, they argued, could 上ly restate what’已知。它无法像科学一样产生新知识。

语法也是一个特殊的问题。希腊人用这个词来指代通过文学来学习语言。后来,我们现在所谓的语法被发明出来,罗马人将其添加到教育中。他们的拉丁语法传到了美国,而清教徒则反对,因为拉丁语法不适合英语,并且因为语法教育方法效果不佳。今天有些人试图改变语法的含义来指代一个“grammar level”儿童发展。那’是一项新发明,与希腊人所说的语法完全不同。

In the last century in America, philosopher Mortimer Adler popularized a version of 古典 education and it came into use mostly 通过 Catholics and mostly at university level. For this education, Adler compiled a list of Great Books of Western Civilization, which was published 通过 Encyclopedia Britannica in 1952. That list contained parts of the Bible. Their revised list contains no Bible, although it includes Augustine, Aquinas, Calvin, and some other Christians.

阿德勒之后的人们制定了自己的书单,这种做法一直持续到今天’的自学。有人说学习拉丁语,也许是希腊语对于古典教育是必要的。其他人则说这些语言在今天并不重要,因为所有的古籍现在都可以用英语获得。所以今天,各种家庭学校课程标有“classical” contain different book lists and different recommendations about learning Latin. Also they contain different definitions of what grammar means and different ways to use it. If you choose 古典, your version will depend 上 what publisher you buy it from. Use it flexibly as you would any curriculum.

〜露西·比奇克

以应该走的方式训练孩子,当他长大时,他不会离开。 -箴言22:6
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